Regenerative potential of the Bichat fat pad determined by the quantification of multilineage differentiating stress enduring cells

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Giamaica Conti *
Dario Bertossi
Elena Dai Prè
Chiara Cavallini
Maria Teresa Scupoli
Giulia Ricciardi
Pierpaolo Parnigotto
Yves Saban
Andrea Sbarbati
Pierfrancesco Nocini
(*) Corresponding Author:
Giamaica Conti | giamaica.conti@univr.it

Abstract

Published studies regarding Bichat fat pad focused, quite exclusively, on the implant of this adipose depot for different facial portions reconstruction. The regenerative components of Bichat fat pad were poorly investigated. The present study aimed to describe by an ultrastructural approach the Bichat fat pad, providing novel data at the ultrastructural and cellular level. This data sets improve the knowledge about the usefulness of the Bichat fat pad in regenerative and reconstructive surgery. Bichat fat pads were harvested form eight patients subjected to maxillofacial, dental and aesthetic surgeries. Biopsies were used for the isolation of mesenchymal cell compartment and for ultrastructural analysis. Respectively, Bichat fat pads were either digested and placed in culture for the characterization of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) or, were fixed in glutaraldehyde 2% and processed for transmission or scanning electron microscopy. Collected data showed very interesting features regarding the cellular composition of the Bichat fat pad and, in particular, experiments aimed to characterized the MSCs showed the presence of a sub-population of MSCs characterized by the expression of specific markers that allow to classify them as multilineage differentiating stress enduring cells.  This data set allows to collect novel information about regenerative potential of Bichat fat pad that could explain the success of its employment in reconstructive and regenerative medicine.


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