Expression of E-cadherin, Ki-67, and p53 in urinary bladder cancer in relation to progression, survival, and recurrence
Although the incidence varies with age and gender, urothelial bladder cancer is a relatively frequently occurring malignancy with variable clinical behavior that often has high recurrence rates. In this study, we analyzed the tumor tissues of 224 patients with pTa, pT1, and pT2 urinary bladder cancer. We performed a histomorphologic analysis and immunohistochemistry for p53, Ki-67, and E-cadherin, which were selected as markers of the malignant process. For pTa and pT1, univariate analyses of cancer-specific survival (CSS), progression-free survival (PFS), and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method, the log-rank test and Cox regression. Multivariate analysis was performed by a Cox regression analysis. Ki-67 (P<0.001) was significantly associated with CSS, but the highest association was shown for E-cadherin (P<0.001). For pT1 and pTa, the Kaplan-Meier analysis and the log-rank test revealed significantly worse PFS for patients with higher levels of Ki-67 (P<0.001) and lower levels of E-cadherin (P<0.001). Based on these obtained results, it can be clearly stated that Ki-67 and E-cadherin expression levels are associated with CSS, PFS and RFS. The clinical utility of these markers is valuable for pTa and pT1 urinary bladder cancer and should be further verified with prospective multi-center trials.
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