Super-resolution study of PIAS SUMO E3-ligases in hippocampal and cortical neurons

https://doi.org/10.4081/ejh.2021.3241

Authors

  • Andrea Conz Department of Molecular Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS, Milan, Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5478-251X
  • Clara Alice Musi Department of Neuroscience, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS, Milan; Department of Pharmacological and Biomolecular Sciences, University of Milan, Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2857-1396
  • Luca Russo Department of Molecular Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS, Milan, Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3690-1877
  • Tiziana Borsello Department of Neuroscience, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS, Milan; Department of Pharmacological and Biomolecular Sciences, University of Milan, Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9729-7642
  • Luca Colnaghi | luca.colnaghi@marionegri.it Department of Molecular Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS, Milan, Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9699-5318

Abstract

The SUMOylation machinery is a regulator of neuronal activity and synaptic plasticity. It is composed of SUMO isoforms and specialized enzymes named E1, E2 and E3 SUMO ligases. Recent studies have highlighted how SUMO isoforms and E2 enzymes localize with synaptic markers to support previous functional studies but less information is available on E3 ligases. PIAS proteins - belonging to the protein inhibitor of activated STAT (PIAS) SUMO E3-ligase family - are the best-characterized SUMO E3-ligases and have been linked to the formation of spatial memory in rodents. Whether however they exert their function co-localizing with synaptic markers is still unclear. In this study, we applied for the first time structured illumination microscopy (SIM) to PIAS ligases to investigate the co-localization of PIAS1 and PIAS3 with synaptic markers in hippocampal and cortical murine neurons. The results indicate partial co-localization of PIAS1 and PIAS3 with synaptic markers in hippocampal neurons and much rarer occurrence in cortical neurons. This is in line with previous super-resolution reports describing the co-localization with synaptic markers of other components of the SUMOylation machinery.

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Published
2021-08-11
Supporting Agencies
This work was supported by Brightfocus Grant A2019296F and a grant from the Fondo di Beneficenza-Gruppo Intesa Sanpaolo to L.C.
Keywords:
neurons, SUMO, synapse, cortex, hipppocampus
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How to Cite
Conz, A., Musi, C. A., Russo, L., Borsello, T., & Colnaghi, L. (2021). Super-resolution study of PIAS SUMO E3-ligases in hippocampal and cortical neurons. European Journal of Histochemistry, 65(s1). https://doi.org/10.4081/ejh.2021.3241