A higher concentration of an antigen within the nucleolus may prevent its proper recognition by specific antibodies

Abstract

Transient transfection of HeLa cells with a plasmid encoding the full-length human fibrillarin fused to a green fluorescent protein (GFP) resulted in two major patterns of intensity of the nucleolar labeling for the chimeric protein: weak and strong. Both patterns were maintained in fibrillarin-GFP expressing cells after fixation with formaldehyde. When the fixed fibrillarin-GFP expressing cells were used for immunolabeling with antibodies to fibrillarin, only the nucleoli with a weak GFP-signal became strongly labeled, whereas those with the heavy signals were only lightly stained, if at all. A similar pattern was observed if the cells were immunolabeled with antibodies to GFP. These observations suggest that an increase in antigen accumulation within the nucleolus, which could take place under various physiological or experimental conditions, could prevent the antigen from being recognized by specific antibodies. These results have implications regarding contradictory data on localization of various nucleolar antigens obtained by conventional immunocytochemistry.

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Published
2009-06-29
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How to Cite
Sheval, E., Polzikov, M., Olson, M., & Zatsepina, O. (2009). A higher concentration of an antigen within the nucleolus may prevent its proper recognition by specific antibodies. European Journal of Histochemistry, 49(2), 117-124. https://doi.org/10.4081/935