Histochemical localization of sialic acids and antimicrobial substances in eccrine glands of porcine snout skin
AbstractThe distribution of sialic acids and antimicrobial products (lysozyme, IgA, lactoferrin, Î²-defensin 2) as well as Rab3D in the eccrine glands of porcine snout skin was studied by sialoglycoconjugate histochemistry and immunohistochemistry. The secretory epithelium consisted of two types of secretory cells: dark and clear cells. The dark cells exhibited considerable amounts of sialoglycoconjugates, which included O-acetylated sialic acids, whereas sialic acids in the sequence SiaÎ±2-3Gal1-4GlcNAc were confined to some of the dark cells. All antimicrobial substances and Rab3D were demonstrated to be also mainly present in some of the dark cells. Additionally, in the cytological and cytochemical features, the different characteristics were observed among the dark cells. The results obtained are discussed with regard to the functional significance of the eccrine glands. The secretory products elaborated by this gland type may function as protective agents in order to preserve the skin integrity of the snout region, considering that sialic acids and antimicrobial substances are important in general defense mechanisms.
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Copyright (c) 2012 K. Fukui, T. Yasui, H. Gomi, H. Sugiya, O. Fujimori, W. Meyer, A. Tsukise
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